Scientists date the drawings in the era of the Nasca culture (200 BC. To 650 AD.), Which resulted in investigations by the radiocarbon method (C14) and style comparisons of geoglyphs figures on painted vases of Nasca culture , were rediscovered the geoglyphs in 1926 by the Peruvian archaeologist Mejía Xesspe who held the lines, ceques’, ceremonial and religious streets. Meanwhile, “Where Is Nasca?”.
Where Is Nasca?
You maybe wondering Where Is Nasca? Well Nasca is about 435 km south of the Peruvian capital Lima located, on a plateau north of the small town of Nasca, the term “Where Is Nasca?” can be found in the so-called “lines and figures of Nasca”.
Thousands of kilometers of lines, many huge areas, and gigantic animals, plants and geometric figures, called geoglyphs, which are recognized in their entirety only from the air, the cover as “Pampa de Nasca” Marked desert plateau.
A Native of Dresden
Mathematician and geographer Maria Reiche sat the first deals with the proposed Kosok astronomical interpretation of the lines. In 1946 she began initially together with Kosok, with the inventory of the geoglyphs on the Nasca pampa.
She was convinced of the importance of astronomical lines and geoglyphs and therefore tried by systematic surveys and calculations to substantiate the requirement imposed by Kosok astronomical theory. They found, among others a series of lines, often of line centers starting, with the focus on Midsummer data constellations, risings and settings of bright stars and moon lines. Unfortunately, they wrote down the results of 40 years of research only in their personal diaries, not necessarily publish scientifically sufficiently.
One of the significant scientific considerations deals with astronomy and calendar theory. The American historian and archaeologist Paul Kosok who in 1941 stayed in Peru, to explore earlier irrigation systems of the country, the area called Nasca “the largest astronomy book in the world”. He came to this thesis when he, at the time of the winter solstice on 21 June 1941, during his work in the Pampa made the observation that one of the long lines showed almost exactly in the direction of the sunset.
Paul Kosok (June 21, 1941):
“What a find -We immediately realized that we had apparently found the solution to the puzzle.”
[Aveni, A. 2000, p 131]
The first recognized astronomical study in 1969, conducted by Gerald Hawkins, an astronomer at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. As a result of his studies, he came to the conclusion that, due to the low correlation of the total number of lines with the selected positions, the system as a whole have no astronomical background [Hawkins, G. 1969]; the astronomical theory was so long considered irrelevant. However, since his investigations were carried out without a rigorous geodetic, astronomical and especially statistical approach, he earned much international criticism.
A more robust and more reliable examination was performed early 80s by Anthony Aveni. He concluded that astronomical considerations in the creation of the line centers were played a central role into another possible theory. I hope this article helped you in research for finding “Where is Nasca.”
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